Wood species

Hardwood species

You may at some point want, out of passion or necessity, to make certain pieces of furniture, interior design elements or variouswoodwork smaller or larger. Your creative impulse might push you to pick up the first piece of wood you find and find it's not right for your project.

The properties of wood differ from one type of wood to another. Wood used to make beds or outdoor furniture needs to be harder and stronger than wood used to make smaller decorative objects. It is interesting and useful to know a few names from the large family Wood. We have chosen a few local personalities, as well as some "ex-pats".


Wood species are divided into two types - hard/hardwood and soft/softwood. Let's look at some hardwood species, some hard and heavy, others flexible enough to be bent.

HARDWOOD SPECIES / have high strength and durability / are chosen for structural elements in construction, flooring, cladding, stairs, indoors and outdoors

FAGULis a widely used species in Europe. Its colour is a pale cream with pink or brown highlights and it has a medium natural lustre. It has hardness, wear resistance and excellent steam bending. It is machined and finished well. It is widely used for lumber, flooring, veneer, furniture, plywood. Children's furniture is generally made of beech.


NUCLEhas a fine texture and is strong and easy to work with. The colour ranges from light to dark shades of brown. It resists shrinkage and bowing and lends itself to all types of finishes. It is one of the finest hardwoods. It combines well with other wood species, but also with other natural materials providing a friendly atmosphere, even in austere interiors. It is mainly used for solid wood and veneered furniture, cabinets, flooring, doors, for panelling (wall cladding), casing (ceiling cladding) and architectural elements.


STEJARULis very durable and has good bending qualities. It finishes well and resists moisture absorption being used in outdoor projects. Oak is suitable for mobile, wooden desks, flooring and barrels.


FRASINULhas texture and properties almost similar to oak, but a lighter colour. Ash wood has the ability to absorb shocks. It is easy to process and finish.


THE ARTHURis a smooth and even-textured wood, and ranges in colour from light cream to reddish brown. It is hard, stiff and very heavy. With moderate shrinkage, maple machines well, although it is hard. It has excellent abrasion and shock resistance, and is more commonly used for flooring, countertops, musical instruments, fine furniture, and bowling lanes.


CHERRY is a wood with pores, like all hardwoods, but these are small. It resists shrinkage and bending equally well. Over time it has low durability and is prone to insect attack. When freshly cut it has a pinkish-brown colour that turns reddish-brown when exposed to the sun. It ages beautifully but degrades quickly and is used for solid wood furniture, musical instruments, carvings, toys.


MAHONULis a delicately textured reddish-brown wood with a slight purple tinge. It is extremely durable and can resist swelling, shrinking and bending. This type of wood is used for quality furniture, cabinets, interior trim, boat building, cladding and veneering.


TEAK-ul is tough and moisture resistant. It has a generally uneven texture, a medium gloss and an oily tuft. It has medium hardness and weight, excellent resistance to degradation and dimensional stability. At finish adhesion difficulties may be encountered due to the natural oils it contains. It has many uses, including in shipbuilding - especially for decks. It is used for indoor and outdoor furniture, flooring, panelling, wainscoting, veneer, plywood, sculpture.


It is important that the choice of wood is made carefully because it would be demanding and ultimately even discouraging to find that the wood you choose is more trouble than it is worth. Oil and wax to enhance the texture of objects created with these woods can be found at good prices on Market.Market.

About the author


Anamaria has over 15 years of experience in marketing and communications for companies in the furniture industry and retail. Prior to Ces Brands she coordinated marketing activities at ICLA Romania.


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